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Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe

Communication setting up the basis for the development of the European Open Science Cloud.

COMMISSION DECISION: Setting up the Expert Group - Executive Board of the European Open Science Cloud (‘EOSC’) and laying down rules for its financing

The Commission decision, C(2018) 5552, adopted on 27 August launches the Executive board for the EOSC as a formal expert group of the Commission.

The expert group will assist the Commission in the first phase of development of the EOSC until end of 2020, and will help to prepare the transition to the second phase of development of the EOSC.

Call for applications for the selection of members of the Commission expert group - Executive Board of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC)

The Commission decision C(2018) 5552 adopted on 27 August launches the Executive Board for the EOSC as a formal expert group of the Commission.

The Commission decision adopted on 27 August launches the Executive Board for the EOSC as a formal expert group of the Commission.

Turning FAIR data into reality: interim report

Interim report of the European Commission Expert Group on Turning FAIR Data into reality. The Group has a remit to provide recommendations, indicators and input on the financing of activities required to turn FAIR data into reality at an EU, Member State and international level. A FAIR Data Action Plan has also been proposed. See

Prompting an EOSC in practice: draft interim report of the EOSC high level expert group

Interim report and recommendations of the Commission 2nd High Level Expert Group [2017-2018] on the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).

European Commission Staff Working Document, 14/03/2018 - Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud

This Staff Working Document (SWD) presents the outcome of the exploration of appropriate governance and financing mechanisms for the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) in the form of a possible implementation Roadmap, as foreseen by the Communication on the 'European Cloud Initiative'. The document also describes the measures taken under Horizon 2020 Work Programmes to start implementing the EOSC.

Updated recommendation from the European Commission, 25/04/2018 Access to and preservation to scientific information

Updated recommendation from the European Commission, 25/04/2018.

EOSC declaration, 26/10/2017

The EOSC Declaration and its principles, guiding the implementation of the EOSC, are the tangible result of the EOSC Summit of 12 June 2017. They have been endorsed by the undersigning stakeholders, found in the List of  Signatories, who also committed to specific actions to implement it (Action  List). As such, the Declaration does not commit the European Commission and Union institutions.

Communication from the European Commission, 10/05/2017: Mid-Term Review on the implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy - A Connected Digital Single Market for All

This mid-term review assesses progress towards the implementation of the Digital Single Market, identifying where more efforts are needed and where the changing digital landscape calls for new action at the EU level. It is accompanied by the 2017 European Digital Progress Reports outlining the progress made at both EU and Member State level and a staff working document setting out the evidence that has informed this review.

Realising the European Open Science Cloud: First report from the EOSC High Level Expert Group

On 11 October 2016 the Commission has published the first report of the High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud (HLEG EOSC).

The Report recommends to close discussions about the ‘perceived need’ of a science cloud and to take immediate action on the EOSC in close concert with Member States, building on existing capacity and expertise. They also recommend writing clear Rules of Engagement for access to the EOSC and for the provision of services based on research data (e.g. TDM, data analytics, etc.). But the implications of the report reach further in several aspects of Open Science policy more broadly. They recommend framing the EOSC as the EU contribution to a future, global Internet of FAIR Data and Services underpinned by open protocols. They recommend to set-up and fund a concerted effort to develop core data expertise in Europe. They estimate that half a million 'core data scientists' are needed to make the most of open research data in Europe. Finally, they recommend changing radically the funding model for research data, from traditional and rigid funding schemes of the past - e.g. small and unaccounted part of a time-limited and space-bound grants to an overall co-funded national / EC funding scheme. They estimate that on average about 5% of total research expenditure should be spent on properly managing and 'stewarding' data in an integrated fashion.

The Recommendations of the HLEG EOSC provide a solid starting point for further reflection and engagement of scientific user communities, research funders and Member States in the making of the initiative.


The EOSC portal has been jointly developed and maintained by the eInfraCentral, EOSC-hub, EOSCpilot and OpenAIRE-Advance projects funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme with contribution of the European Commission.