The EOSC is:
The EOSC will take advantage from the contribution of many projects (including RDA Europe, EOSC-hub, OpenAIRE, eInfraCentral and EOSCpilot) and discussion groups; each likely to generate its own recommendations or preferences. The key is to identify commonalities in approaches and convergence points as to how data and services can be shared and merged. Early identification of common components or issues will help identify and reduce duplication, but it will also provide opportunities and allow to partners who also strive to generate a mutually satisfactory and sustainable solution to be identified.
The EOSC is driven by communities and various ‘use cases’, in which both researchers, research organisations and Universities play a pivotal role in guiding the work.
Open Science is the action line and adopted by the EU, centred around creating an environment open to sharing of knowledge and fostering collaboration.
Further information can be found on the European Commission website available here.
All contributions are welcome and can come in a variety of forms: - services, data or access to other tools, or compute facilities. Further guidelines specifying how to engage will be developed during the coming months and made public in due course.
The EOSC is intended to encourage and support Open Science practices and procedures – making the artefacts, processes and tools involved in science (research) appropriately open.
While much of the work needed to achieve this is technical, a lot can also be accomplished by developing and applying appropriate policies.
The EOSC is developing policy recommendations aimed at all stakeholders (e.g. funders/ministries, research infrastructures and research performing organisations) to help reduce the barriers to the creation of the EOSC, and harness opportunities to develop and adopt best practice within it.
The EOSCpilot project worked on the EOSC Policy Framework, that consists of policy recommendations derived during the course of and for the needs of the EOSC.
It focuses on four policy areas that were identified as of great importance to the EOSC: information/data, skills, services and infrastructures.
Based on these policy areas, it addresses issues of Open Science and Open Scholarship (particularly IPR, access policies for services, interfaces and other resources, KPIs/Metrics and Rewards/Incentives), Procurement, Ethics and Data Protection; it also aims to reflect on the policy-making process and practices performed by the EOSC stakeholders.
EOSC aspires to become the driver for Open Science in Europe, easing access to and management procedures of research data in particular.
To achieve being an Open Infrastructure and enable the free flow of data, it should have the necessary administrative and legal prerequisites in place as well.
The EOSC policy framework has been conceived taking into account the developments occurring within the EOSCpilot project (more details on the EOSCpilot website), as well as external events, such as the GDPR.
The EOSC Policy Recommendations described above are in line with the updated Recommendation by the EC on access to and preservation of scientific information.
In particular, in the updated Recommendation by the EC, the policy areas concerning provisions for research data and Open Science (OS) infrastructures recognise the EOSC as the European digital federated infrastructure and service supplier.
No. The EOSC is not a government, funder nor an international organisation.
The policy recommendations, that are being developed by the EOSCpilot project, are intended for EOSC stakeholder groups only, such as Funders/Ministries, Research Infrastructures and Research Performing Organisations to develop and apply.
The EOSC will have governance and operational structures, whose functions, however, will include developing and approving standards and procedures for the EOSC and will apply to EOSC suppliers and users.
No. The EOSC does not have the mandate to impose policies, nor is this its function.
The EOSC Policy Recommendations is a framework for the EOSC stakeholders to use in accordance with their own needs. Rules of Participation (RoP) (to be published in July 2018) are mandatory for the EOSC stakeholders.
See ‘Governance’ for more information on Rules of Participation.
The support for policy making and implementation in the EOSC is twofold: it involves technical services being developed or specified during the course of WP3 Policy Work Package of the EOSCpilot project, as well as consultation with Open Access (OA) and Open Science (OS) experts. These are/could be:
Cataloguing already existing resources has emerged as a key priority for stakeholders.
There is a wide range of resources already available, and a large number of relevant portals including FOSTER, EDISON, and more discipline-specific outlets from the Research Infrastructures, such as ELIXIR.
Moreover, EOSCpilot is working on harvesting standard sets of metadata from individual resources and services (and from datasets), making it possible to query across infrastructures from a single point.
We are also consulting the community about how FAIR criteria may be applied to training resources.
Please let us know your thoughts on this [ can we have a discussion page for this? to be confirmed ]
AAI is hugely important for the interoperability of e-infrastructures, services and data. It is a process by which authorised users get access to the resources in accordance with the appropriate ‘clearance’ levels, to ensure that sensitive data can only be viewed and accessed by those with a permission to do so.
AAI Interoperability has been a difficult problem to solve and several European projects and working groups have been dedicated to this task for several years now. The work is still ongoing. As a result, there are different mechanisms to authenticate users and to grant appropriate access levels.
In EOSC, there will be a unique identification and authentication service and an access point and routing system towards all the resources of the EOSC.
The EOSC architecture is described in the Commission Staff Working Document on the Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud as follows: "In terms of architecture, the EOSC would essentially comprise a federating core and a variety of federated research data infrastructures committed to providing services as part of the EOSC". Find out more in the document.
EOSC Stakeholders can play many roles including those of data producers, service providers, data and service users.
The Rules of Participation would set out in a transparent and inclusive manner the rights, obligations and accountability of the different stakeholders taking part in the initiative (e.g. data producers, service providers, data and service users). The groundwork for the design of such rules is being laid primarily by the EOSCPilot project funded by the Work Programme 2016 and the work of the High Level Expert Group on the EOSC, while the EOSC Declaration sets the general principles.
More information on the Rules of Participation for data and service providers is available in the section "Rules of Participation" of this website.
The EOSC Declaration and its principles are guiding the implementation of the EOSC. They are the tangible outcomes of the EOSC Summit of 12 June 2017 endorsed by the undersigning stakeholders found in the List of Signatories, who also committed to specific actions in order to implement it (Action List). As such, the Declaration does not commit the European Commission and Union institutions.
The implementation Roadmap for the EOSC presents the outcome of the exploration of appropriate governance and financing mechanisms for the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) in the form of a possible implementation Roadmap, as foreseen by the Communication on the "European Cloud Initiative" gives, on the basis of the consultation, an overview of six action lines for the implementation of the EOSC: with possible action lines and timelines resulting from the wide stakeholders’ consultation.
Those lines includes: a) architecture, b) data, c) services, d) access & interfaces, e) rules and f) governance.
The Council Conclusions on EOSC confirm that the EOSC should be a pan-European federation of current and planned data infrastructures, respecting the governance and funding mechanisms of its individual components. Membership of this federation would be on a voluntary basis: making the EOSC inclusive and open. It calls the European Commission to establish a three-tier governance structure including governmental policy-makers and key European stakeholder organisations, as well as the wider stakeholder community.
The EOSCpilot project has been funded to support the first phase in the development of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).
EOSCpilot is supporting the first phase in the development of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).
EOSC-hub brings together multiple service providers to create the Hub, a single contact point for European researchers and innovators to discover, access, use and reuse a broad spectrum of resources for advanced data-driven research.
The project mobilises providers from the EGI Federation, EUDAT CDI, INDIGO-DataCloud and other major European research infrastructures to deliver a common catalogue of research data, services and software for research.
EOSC-hub collaborates closely with GÉANT, EOSCpilot and OpenAIRE-Advance projects to deliver a consistent service offer to research communities across Europe.
EOSCpilot will provide the trial governance frameworks for the EOSC and contribute to the development of European open science policy and best practice.
They will be implemented by EOSC-hub and other EOSC projects, in particular OpenAIRE and FREYA, as well as other future projects funded under INFRAEOSC programme.
Data that is made available according to a set of guiding principles concerning Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability (FAIR) is FAIR data. The following resources covering all aspects of FAIR data should be shared via the EOSC:
From the EOSC Summit, the EOSC Declaration and the Report of the first HLEG on the EOSC, it emerged clearly that the development of professional practices of research data management and stewardship is vital to enable researchers
Besides complying with the Rules of Participation, all federated research data infrastructures and commercial service providers should agree to implement the FAIR data principles fully, in addition to endorse the principle of openness at large. This would contribute to their long-term sustainability, as EU research funders are gradually tying their funding to open access obligations and the use of FAIR accredited/certified repositories. Over time, as foreseen in the Communication, the EOSC would reach out to resources from EU’s global research partners, to create a level playing field in open data for global scientists.
The FAIR Data Certification Scheme is an accreditation/certification scheme for FAIR data infrastructures. It will cover research data repositories, service providers, datasets and other types of digital research objects and the four individual FAIR principles.
The FAIR Data Certification Scheme will be developed gradually, taking into account the level of maturity of the individual FAIR principles & building on existing work at discipline/MS level.
The catalogue of FAIR data standards is a machine-readable collection of recommended data standards for FAIR research data - to be used within and across disciplines and borders. It serves the purpose to propose a governance/mechanism for overseeing and coordinating the development of the catalogue of data standards.
In order to guarantee the long-term persistence, resolvability and quality of all types of digital research objects, data (along with other digital research output) need to have a persistent identifier. Within the EOSC, the plan is to establish a common, cross-disciplinary and cross-border policy for the management of persistent unique identifiers to address the issues of changing namespaces, synonyms (duplicates), lack of service guarantees etc.
FREYA is the project under the EOSC umbrella dealing with identifiers in EOSC.